|Winter War – Continuation War – Lapland War|
The Winter War 1939 – 1940
The Winter War was a military conflict between the Soviet Union and Finland. It began with a Soviet offensive on November 30 1939 after the Soviet invasion of Poland. The Soviet forces had more than three times as many soldiers as the Finns, thirty times as many aircraft, and a hundred times as many tanks. But with more than 30,000 of its army officers executed or imprisoned the Red Army had many inexperienced officers in 1939. The Finns isolated smaller portions of numerically superior Soviet forces. Divided into smaller pieces, the Finns could deal with them individually and attack from all sides. Soviet losses on the front were heavy. Historian William R. Trotter describes these conditions thus: The Soviet soldier had no choice. If he refused to fight, he would be shot. If he tried to sneak through the forest, he would freeze to death. Image: Public domain.