Waffen-SS camouflage pattern used during the Battle of Normandy

12.SS Pz-Div Hitlerjugend
Camouflage utilized by the Waffen-SS
The Waffen-SS was the first military organization in the world to use mottled camouflage clothing. They had pioneered camouflage smocks and helmet covers in distinctive spotted patterns in 1937, and subsequently made wide use of a perplexing variety of season patterns and colors. Camouflage smocks were designed to be reversible, providing camouflage for two seasons, whether summer and autumn, or summer and winter. Distribution was limited to the Waffen-SS, ostensibly because of a patent. The camouflage patterns were designed by Johann Georg Otto Schick, a Munich art professor and then the director of the German camouflage research unit. Insignia were not supposed to be worn on camouflage uniforms, but this regulation was widely ignored among the Waffen-SS and the SS Eagle, though unofficial, were often seen worn on the upper left arm, which went aginst regulations. In 1944 the Waffen-SS introduced a complete tunic-and-trousers camouflage uniform. Left image: A young Panzergranadier of 12-SS-Panzer-Division Hitlerjugend wearing a disruptively Eichenlaub patterned jacket on the outskirts of Caen in June 1944. Photographer: SS-Obersturmführer and Kriegsberichter Friedrich Zschäckel. Commons: Bundesarchiv. Right image: Another young SS-Panzergranadier somewhere in Normandy wearing the Erbsenmuster patterned tunic-and-trousers, known variously as Dot 44 or Peas 44. Public domain.

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