Battle of the Lower Dnieper
The Soviet Lower Dnieper Offensive (August 24 1943 – December 23 1943) was one of the costliest operations of World War II. Casualties during the Battle of Dnieper are still a subject of a heavy debate. The Soviet casualties are estimated at being from 1,200,000 to 1,500,000 (300,000 to 550,000 killed). The Russian historian Nikolaï Shefov (Russian fights) puts the figure of 1,500,000 total Soviet casualties (373,000 killed). During this four-month operation, the eastern bank of the Dnieper was recovered from German forces. Subsequently, Kiev was liberated in a separate offensive. German losses, however, are more difficult to evaluate. The simple rule of 3:1 losses during an offensive operation against a heavily defended enemy would lead to a 500,000 total casualties. The SS-Panzergrenadiers endured the stress of battle around the clock during the Soviet offensives, attacking again and again in face of overwhelming odds. Credit: Wikipedia. Image: SS-Panzerjägers (tank hunters) next to a destroyed T-34, prepared to take down any Soviet armour which might come their way. SS-Kriegsberichter Zschäckel October 12 1943. Commons: Bundesarchiv.