Operation MARKET-Garden

Waffen-SS officer and Wehrmacht troops in Arnhem
Allied paratroopers raining on Dutch soil – Operation Market-Garden
II.SS-Panzerkorps – Operation Market-Garden
Waffen-SS machine gun fire raked the sky – Operation Market-Garden
The British 1st Airborne Division, Polish 1st Parachute Brigade, U.S. Army 82nd Airborne Division and 101st Airborne Division was dropped along a line marked by Eindhoven in the south and Arnhem in the north in mid-September 1944, both cities in the Netherlands. The Market portion of the operation was made up of the airborne attacks. The Garden portion of the operation consisted of the British 2nd Army roaring north along highway 69 (Hell's Highway). The two attacks were known collectively as Operation Market-Garden, the largest airborne drop in military history involving three Allied divisions, employing more than sixteen thousand paratroops. The report that Arnhem was free of serious resistance was incorrect. Several days before the Operation, the 9.SS-Panzer-Division Hohenstaufen and its sister formation 10.SS-Panzer-Division Frundsberg (II.SS-Panzerkorps) were moved into the Arnhem area to rest and refit, however they had both been so severely mauled during the Normandy fighting that they now mustered a combined force of approximately 6,000 men. No longer worthy of the title “division”, the Hohenstaufen and Frundsberg were dubbed divisional SS-Kampfgruppen. Although numerically weaker to the British 1st Airborne Division, their men were all excellently trained and battle-hardened. SS-Obergruppenf├╝hrer Wilhelm Bittrich's II.SS-Panzerkorps played a decisive role in the defeat of the Allied offensive. Also present were some 600 Dutch SS trainees (Kampfgruppe Tettau) and Luftwaffe Gruppe 3. Credit: The Pegasus Archive. Top image: Waffen-SS, Heer and Luftwaffe troops in Arnhem in September 1944. Photo by SS-Kriegsberichter Pospesch. Commons Bundesarchiv. Bottom clips: The sky was filled with Allied aircraft and parachuting British troops when this was filmed at Arnhem, Netherlands on September 17 1944. As British paratroopers landed on their drop zone west of Arnhem, SS Panzergrenadiers from the Hohenstaufen and Frundsberg were waiting and made sure they did not receive a warm welcome. The divisions was in midst of departing to Germany for a major refit and at this stage divided into several smaller SS-Kampfgruppen acting as a blocking force. Source: 5sswiking. Footage from Die Deutsche Wochenschau. Fair use.

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