ϟϟ-Division „Wiking“ in Heeresgruppe Süd

SS-Division Wiking consisted partly of volunteers from the Netherlands, Belgium and Scandinavia
The Wiking Division was formed under SS-Brigadeführer und Generalmajor Felix Steiner on November 11 1940, from the Germania Regiment. Besides Germania, it contained the Nordland and the Westland Regiments and consisted of up to fifty per cent Scandinavians, Dutchmen, Flemish and Finns. It was the first troop of European volunteers. After making preparation for an eastern offensive in the same area as the Leibstandarte SS, the Wiking Division started off with a manpower strength at 19,377 men at Rava Ruska in June 1941, it advanced over Tarnopol, broke through the Stalin Line at Satanov and reached Proskurov. In the area south-east of Zhitomir, there was fighting on both sides of the River Ross. The division fought at Smele, at Chigirin on the River Dnieper and captured Dniepropetrovsk on August 25 1941. In the battle of the Sea of Azov and in the Donez Rearguard Action, the Wiking engaged battle north of the Leibstandarte SS. It fought in the Ignatiefka-Marienfeld area, crossed the rivers Krinka and Mius and fought off enemy counter-attacks at Biryutschi and Daryevka. On November it fought a delaying action east of the River Mius in the Tusloff sector and took a defensive position on the Mius from December. During this time, several parts of the Division were sent to defend critical points on the Army Group´s front, especially to the west and north of Stalino. Image: In center of the picture is Danish volunteer SS-Hauptsturmführer Christian Frederik von Schalburg surrounded by some of his men. He joined the Waffen-SS and the Wiking Division in 1940. Von Schalburg was killed in action on June 2 1942. Fair use.

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